Comparing Greek and Roman Architecture Essay
782 WordsMar 17th, 20134 Pages
When comparing Greek and Roman architecture and design we see many similarities as well as differences. Greek culture and society came into fruition roughly 1250 years before the rise of the Roman Empire and Roman artisans were strongly inﬂuenced by their Greek predecessors. However, the Greeks were not without their own inﬂuences. Egyptian building styles and art were reﬁned by the Greeks as seen in their use of column and lintel construction. It is notable that inﬂuence from Persia and the Ancient Near East is also prevalent. Throughout the years Greece had six periods in which distinctions in art and design can be made. In order to compare and contrast the two cultures we must also look at the different geography surrounding them. Both…show more content…
Romans adopted variations of the Greek Doric order such as the Roman Doric and Tuscan. It is also very common to see the Romans using Ionic and Corinthian columns in their construction. When we look into the interior residential spaces of Greeks and Romans we ﬁnd the ﬂoor plan to be quite similar, both were inward facing an usually had a peristyle courtyard and atrium type space with rooms leading off of it. But when we look into decor we see that the Romans were much more ornamental and lavish. We also have much better examples of Roman interior details than we have for Greece due to the preservation of the ancient cities Pompeii and Herculaneum. These cities were buried in the volcanic ash of Mount Vesuvius for almost 2,000 years. There we ﬁnd bright, colorful murals adorn the walls and intricate mosaics cover the ﬂoors. Mural paintings were done in a variety of themes, depictions of daily life, animals, and portraits.
Romans would also use architectural elements like columns in their interior paintings and most were created in true fresco style, paint applied to wet plaster. For the mosaic inlayed ﬂoors the Romans used stone, glass, ceramics, and shells such as mother of pearl. These were created in a many unique geometric patterns and intricate scenes. Ancient Greeks also fabricated mosaics and sometimes used pebbles left in there natural shapes giving it a more
Comparing Roman and Greek Art Essay example
1185 Words5 Pages
Comparing Roman and Greek Art
Throughout history art has consistently reflected the cultural values and social structures of individual civilizations. Ancient art serves as a useful tool to help historians decipher some important aspects of ancient culture. From art we can determine the basic moral and philosophical beliefs of many ancient societies. The differences in arts purpose in Greece and Rome, for example, show us the fundamental differences in each culture's political and moral system. The primary objective of Greek art was to explore the order of nature and to convey philosophical thought, while Roman art was used primarily as a medium to project the authority and importance of the current ruler and the greatness of…show more content…
The Protogeometric and Geometric periods are good examples of such advanced thinking. The beginnings of the Protogeometric period display a distinct interest in mathematical order. During this period, artists decorated vases with circles and symmetrical patterns. As the dominant style changed from Protogeometric to Geometric, this order and precision was amplified. The popular ?circle and semicircle patterns were replaced by linear designs, zigzags, triangles, diamonds, and meanders? (Cunningham, 40). The increased interest in order seems to have been a reflection of the Greek fascination with nature, and man?s relationship to nature.
This interest in the order of nature eventually evolved into a fascination with the human form and the idea of human perfection. The way in which the perfect human form was portrayed by Greek artists was of a highly intellectual nature. The early sculptors of the period explored basic human anatomy and its aesthetic value, creating such sculptures as the Kritios Boy, of the Acropolis. The precision and realism of this sculpture captured a more accurate portrayal of the human form than ever before seen. This accomplishment in itself showed strong advancements in intellectual thought, and inspired future generations to further explore aesthetic and order. Artist such as Polyclitius later envisioned human perfection as a series of mathematical proportions. The